Petra jordan, one of the New 7 Wonders of the World and a symbol of Jordan, is the most popular tourist destination in Jordan. , often known as the Rose City because of the stone’s colour or the Lost City since it was unknown to the West until 1812, is a location you must visit to believe it is genuine. The historical and archaeological city was even referred to as “one of the most precious cultural properties of man’s cultural legacy” by UNESCO.

Who lived in Petra jordan?

The Edo mites lived at Petra from the 18th to the second century B.C., the Nabateans from the second century to 106 BC, and the Romans from 106 to 395 BC. Most of the remains date from the Nabatean era. The Nabateans have accomplished traders, carvers, builders, and water engineers.

Explore the wonders of Petra, Jordan's mesmerizing ancient treasure.
Image by Ap de Boer from Pixabay

The Lost City is how many people refer to Petra. 

Petra’s exact founding date is uncertain, although it is known that it flourished starting in the first century B.C. and did so up until about 363 A.D. it was mainly damaged by an earthquake in the fourth century, after which it was unused for more than five centuries. A Swiss explorer named Johannes Burckhardt made a far later discovery of it in the early 19th century (1812). It has gained widespread renown as The Lost City since that time.

In reality, Petra’s renowned Treasury is a mausoleum. 

In Petra, the Treasury, known as Al-Khazneh, is the most stunning and photographed building. The area is constructed using detailed engravings implanted in a large rock. However, the Nabateans completed it as a tomb and crypt and decorated it with signs related to the afterlife. Further, it is thought to be King Aretas IV of Nabatea’s final resting place. Later, the Bedouin inhabitants gave it the new name “treasury” because they felt it held wealth.

Petra is a location of regal rest.

Many of the finely sculpted tombs in Petra are built into the sides of the mountains that tower over the rest of the city, including the famous Urn Tomb. These superb structures, shaped between the first century B.C. and the second century A.D., are believed to have served as the final resting place for Nabatean kings. They remain a visible reminder of the royal family’s wealth and distinction among Nabatean elites.

The Treasury

The Treasury is simply the first of Petra’s many attractions. You’ll need at least four or five days to explore everything here truly. You will be completely taken aback by the Valley’s extraordinary architectural accomplishments and incredible natural grandeur as soon as you arrive there. While talking about buildings primarily destroyed by earthquakes, there are hundreds of beautiful rock-cut tombs with artistic sculpturing. Five hundred of these tombs have survived, empty but hypnotizing as you pass by their open holes.

And here is a vast Nabataean-built structure. The local Bedouin tribes named the building “Khanzeh” because they thought the urn atop the front door held a pharaoh’s riches. The surface of the Treasury is covered with Nabataean divinities and mythological figures sculpted in the first century A.D. A pink sandstone with shades of white, pink, yellow, and tawny forms the front of Petra. Aretas III’s tomb and future place of worship is located beyond the elevation that leads to the grave.

Explore the wonders of Petra, Jordan's mesmerizing ancient treasure.
Image by Mikael Thunberg from Pixabay

Petra was a thriving commercial hub.

The Nabateans first used as a trade station. They belonged to an Arab Bedouin tribe, historically living in southwestern Jordan.

This Arab tribe’s trading skills made their Greek neighbours jealous of them. It was the first time the city was mentioned in history when they attacked it in 312 BC.

Being used to the well-built environment that surrounded the city helped the Nabateans repel the Greek invasion. The mountains provided their defences.

In Petra, there are over a thousand tombs.

The sculpted tombs in Petra are attractively preserved. The famous Urn Tomb is one of them. The mountain that provides a view of the rest of the city has this tomb etched into its face.

According to legend, the nobles of the Nabatean tribe are buried in these tombs. Between the first and second centuries, the graves were sculpted.  

They also stood for the wealthy Nabatean class’s wealth and status—massive and ornately designed tombs. Christians then constructed churches next to the graves after they had left.

It Respects The Sun

Like many other peoples of the time, the Nabataeans admired the sun as a source of light and life, and Petra’s architecture reflects this. The construction of several of the city’s most blessed locations corresponds with solar cycles, including pinnacles.

A Serious Earthquake Destroyed It

The majority of Petra was utterly destroyed by a massive earthquake in A.D. 363 that ended the city’s reign as a comfortable and booming trading hub. Many people forsaken the area after the disaster, and the city was forgotten over time.

Petra is a modern-day Jordanian ancient city. It is well-known for its archaeological and historical value, as well as its stunning rock-cut architecture. Here are a few facts about it:

stands in southern Jordan, about 143 miles (230 km) south of Amman, the capital city. It is hidden away in a hilly area surrounded by hard desert scenery.

it was the capital city of the Nabateans, an ancient Arab civilization that existed from the fourth to the first centuries CE. The city operated as an important commercial center because of its helpful location along old caravan routes.

its rock-cut architecture is one of its most iconic characteristics. The city is known for its beautiful buildings carved right from the rose-colored sandstone cliffs. Al-Khazneh (The Treasury) is the most well-known structure, a temple façade that once functioned as a royal mausoleum.

The Siq: Petra is entered by a tiny gorge known as the Siq. This meandering path, bordered by towering cliffs, takes tourists to the historic city’s core. The Siq offers a dramatic and spectacular approach to Petra.

Monuments and Tombs: 

it has many buildings, tombs, and temples outside the Siq. The Important monuments include the Street of Facades, the Royal Tombs, the Theatre, the Monastery (Ad Deir), and the Great Temple.

UNESCO World Heritage Site:

 In 1985, Petra was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is considered one of the world’s most important archaeological sites, exhibiting a fusion of Nabatean, Greek, Roman, and Eastern architectural elements.

“Petra by Night” is a one-of-a-kind experience accessible to guests. The old city glows with thousands of candles on select evenings, creating an amazing setting. The Treasury is lighted against the night sky as visitors stroll through the candlelight Siq.

Petra is a popular tourist site that draws tourists from all over the world. With guided tours and the option to explore the ancient remains on foot, it provides an entire cultural and historical experience. You should spend at least a full day exploring the site’s principal features.

Petra is a remaining witness to ancient civilizations’ skill and quality. Its architectural wonders and unique blend of natural beauty and past importance continue to delight tourists.

Water Management in Petra: 

One of the most remarkable characteristics of Petra is its excellent water management system. The Nabateans created a clear network of canals, dams, and reservoirs to collect and store water, ensuring a consistent water supply for the city’s people and agricultural demands.

Petra’s Trade and Commerce:

 Petra flourished as a commercial center because of its strategic placement along important trade routes. The Nabateans controlled the trade of valuable products like incense, spices, silk, and other luxury things, which helped to make the city wealthy and prominent.

Excavation and Discovery:

 Although Petra had been known to the local Bedouin communities, it gained international attention in the early 19th century when Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt rediscovered the city. Since then, numerous archaeological expeditions have occurred to uncover and study the ancient city’s secrets.

The Treasury’s Popularity:

 The iconic Treasury building, with its elaborate facade and intricate carvings, is perhaps the most recognizable symbol of Petra. It gained even more global recognition when featured in “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.”

Local Bedouin Community: 

Petra is home to a Desert community that has lived in the area for millennia. Many are relatives of the ancient Nabateans and maintain their traditional way of life, giving insights into their rich cultural past.

Hiking routes:

 Along with being home to an important archaeological site, Petra has hiking routes allowing tourists to explore the surrounding natural settings. The pathways lead to stunning views of the city and its surrounds, notably the High Place of Sacrifice and the Monastery.

Explore the wonders of Petra, Jordan's mesmerizing ancient treasure.
Image by 🌼Christel🌼 from Pixabay

Petra Museum: 

The Petra Museum opened in 2019 to improve the visitor experience and display the region’s archaeological treasures. The museum has many objects, including sculptures, ceramics, jewelry, and architectural remains, that provide more insight into Petra’s past.

Petra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and efforts are being done to conserve and maintain its fragile buildings and landscapes. Conservation efforts seek to avoid further deterioration and to secure the site’s ongoing care for future generations.

Petra is accessible by car, and the nearest major airport is Queen Alia International Airport in Amman. Visitors may organize transportation to Petra via their vehicle, structured tour, or public transit upon arrival.

The climate of Petra is desert, with burning summers and chilly winters. The ideal times to visit are spring (March to May) and fall (September to November), when temperatures are warmer, and it is simpler to explore.

Visiting Petra is an attaching journey back in time, allowing tourists to lose themselves in this ancient city’s fascinating history and architectural splendor.


Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Scroll to Top
%d bloggers like this: